Invention – An invention is a new product or process that solves a technical problem.
This is different from a discovery, which is something that already existed but had not been found.
Patent – A patent is an official document given to an inventor by the Patent Office of
the country in which a patent application is filed. This document gives the inventor the right to stop anyone else from copying, using, distributing or selling the invention without his permission.
Patents are part of Intellectual Property, which is a legal way to protect all creations of the human mind.
WHY ARE PATENTS IMPORTANT
1. Inventions are the result of hard work.
2. Inventors deserve a reward for the amount of time they spend developing their ideas.
3. Patents provide rewards and protection for inventors but they also benefit society.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A PATENT
1. Industrial Applicability (Utility): Meaning that the invention can be made or used in any kind of industry, or must have a practical use; it cannot be just an idea or a theory.
If the invention is for a product, someone must be able to make that product. If the invention is for a process then it must be possible to carry out that process.
2. Novelty: Meaning that the invention must have a new characteristic that is not part of the current knowledge in its technical field.
3. Inventive step (Non Obviousness): Meaning that the new characteristic of your invention could not have been easily deducted by a person with average knowledge of that particular technical field.
TERM OF REGISTRATION
1. Once Registration is granted it is valid for two years from the date of filing the application.
2. After the expiry of the first two years the registration may be renewed annually for a total of 20 yrs.